MySQL is an open source relational database management system (RDBMS) with a client-server model. It is one of the most popular database management system.
We have already discussed Top 5 Open Source Database Management Systems, now lets discuss one of the most popular database MySQL in more detail. In this blog post, we will cover the following sections.
What is MySQL?
MySQL is one of the most popular database management system. It is an important pillar of LAMP application software. It is cross platform so works well with all operating systems including Windows, Linux, MacOS, IRIX, and others. MySQL is a database management system used to manage relational databases. MySQL is owned by Oracle but still it is open source software and you can use it without paying anything. You can change its source code according to your requirements and needs.
Why MySQL is so popular?
MySQL is one of the most popular open source DBMS and following are the reasons behind it:
- It is completely free and open source database management system.
- MySQL database is very user friendly mostly used with PHP, the most popular language for web development.
- It is a very powerful DBMS that offers a large set of functionality which is only offered by most expensive DBMS.
- MySQL is cross platform and works with almost all operating systems.
- It is customizable because it is an open-source database. Developers can edit code according to their needs.
- It is quicker than most of other open source databases and works well and fast even with the large data set.
- It is compatible with many languages like PHP, PERL, C, C++, JAVA, etc.
Pros of MySQL
- Flexible and easy to use: Modify source code according to your own needs and expectations. The installation process is relatively simple, and doesn’t take much time.
- High performance: Even if you are storing massive amounts of big e-Commerce data or doing heavy business intelligence activities, MySQL can assist you smoothly with optimum speed.
- A mature DBMS: Developers have been using MySQL for years, which means that there are abundant resources for them. It has evolved over the years and has very little margin for any kind of bugs.
- Secure database: Data security is the basic need of every web app. With its Access Privilege System and User Account Management, MySQL sets the security bar high. It offers both Host-based verification and password encryption as well.
- Free installation: The community edition of MySQL is free to download. There are some prepaid options but if your company is too small to pay for them, the free-to-download model is the most suitable for a fresh start.
- Simple syntax: MySQL’s structure very simple and plain. That’s why developers even consider MySQL a database with a human-like language. MySQL is easy to use, most of the tasks can be executed right in the command line, reducing development steps.
Cons of MySQL
- Owned by Oracle: MySQL used to be open source but now its not completely open source. It’s mostly now under Oracle’s license which limits the MySQL community in terms of improving the DBMS.
- Scalability issues: MySQL is not as efficiently scalable as the NoSQL database. It will need more engineering effort to make it scalable. So, if you have apps for which your database will increase substantially, you should choose another DBMS option.
- Limited support for SQL standards: MySQL doesn’t completely compliance with SQL standards. It does not provide support for some standard SQL features as well as it has some extensions and features that don’t match the Structured Query Language standards.
Easy of use, high performance, flexibility, security, maturity and it’s simple syntax makes MySQL one of the most popular database management system. It is compatible with many popular languages including PHP, PERL, C, C++, JAVA, etc. as well as it is cross platform and can be installed on most operating systems including Windows, Linux, MacOS, IRIX, and others.
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